Photo courtesy of National Palace Museum Open Data.

百花之王唯牡丹

作者 Dan Skorbach & Natasha Stevanovic;編譯 Ariel Tian

被譽為「百花之王」的牡丹,在中華文明黃金時期的唐朝,是最受喜愛的花卉,也是大唐的國花。

從唐朝詩人劉禹錫筆下的「唯有牡丹真國色,花開時節動京城」及白居易詩中「花開花落二十日,一城之人皆若狂」,便能感受牡丹花開風靡唐朝的盛景。唐玄宗也著迷牡丹的風韻,在天寶二年賞牡丹花時,特別召見李白書寫新樂詞詠頌牡丹,留下傳世的《清平調》。

《清平調·其一》

雲想衣裳花想容,春風拂檻露華濃。

若非群玉山頭見,會向瑤台月下逢。

牡丹成為尊貴、富麗的象徵。

不僅於此,牡丹象徵的意涵涉及更深的中華文化哲理。

傳說唐朝女皇武則天寒冬設宴,下令御花園中所有花卉在隆冬之際開花。各色花卉因畏懼武則天而照做,唯有牡丹抗命不從。武則天一氣之下將牡丹從首都長安貶至洛陽。怎料牡丹在遷址後,綻放得無比美麗。怒不可遏的武則天為此下令燒掉所有牡丹花。儘管遭受烈焰摧殘,隔年春天,牡丹依然在全洛陽城絢麗綻放。直至今日,中國洛陽仍是著名的牡丹之城。

當生活遇到艱難險阻時,很少有人敢遵循自然法則,這則故事告訴我們,無論在冬季還是春季開花,大自然都有其規律,唯有順應自然才能獲得真正的富貴;中國古人稱其為「順天應道」。同樣,人若能和宇宙、天體運行的法則相協調,便能得到善報與福壽,如同牡丹順應天道,所以花神才會賦予她百花之王的殊榮。

唐花系列的設計源自神韻節目《大唐仕女》,並傳承牡丹正直尊貴的品格。

在繁花似錦的中華文化中,牡丹以各種面貌豐富人們的生活。她開花的時間正好是農曆二十四節氣中的「穀雨」,是春季雨量最豐沛的時候,儘管穀雨的濕熱讓人容易焦慮與煩悶,但是,牡丹的美麗與精神卻讓人舒心減壓。

10 評論

Thanks for this lovely story! I’ve always loved peonies; their big beautiful blooms and their amazing scent! Whenever I’ve had them in my yard, I’ve cut them and put them in my home as a wonderful natural air freshener. I particularly love that they always come back; my dad would often forget about them when he mowed the first time in the summer and although they were absent for that season, they always came up again the next summer. To me, they represent great endurance, but knowing the story behind them, I see that they mean so much more. I am blessed.

Barbara Gay 10月 22, 2023

Thank you for offering this beautiful jewelry! I purchased the peony scarf a few years ago, and I’ve received many compliments whenever I wear it. I’ve purchased items from the Shen Yun gift shop as birthday or holiday gifts that they are greatly appreciated by my friends and family.

Jill 10月 22, 2023

Peonies are my signature flower and since my birthday is in June it is very befitting.

Val Carey 9月 06, 2022

How can I grow them in San Clemente California

vincetta sheftell 9月 06, 2022

Everything on our earth and universe can teach us a lesson. The peony and the Tao are living teachers…

Stan Jernigan 9月 06, 2022

nice to have in future when I have money :)

hong 2月 25, 2021

A dear friend of ours visited us this past week to help lend a hand with some work and cooking some wholesome meals around the house as our household was quite busy. On one of the days, she looked in our backyard and was looking at two varieties of Peonies that were in full bloom. She discovered they were edible and incorporated them in one of her salad recipes for us on afternoon for lunch. I decided to cut some fresh blooms and place them inside on our countertop in the kitchen to greet us as we passed by. Our dear friend mentioned that the petals that fall off can then be used in a warm bath to add to its everlasting life and allure…

Brad-Lee 7月 02, 2020

Are there only the three items pictured the only ones designated towards peonies?

Annette E. 3月 05, 2020

That was very inspiring ~ I will now look upon the Peony flower with different wonder on their beautiful petals.

Hesther 3月 04, 2020

Peonies are one of my favourite flowers

Susan Russell 3月 04, 2020

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